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Abyroikz ulttyq kıimder dúkenderi jelisiniń basshysy: Sapaly adamnan ǵana sapaly ónim shyǵady

22 Shilde, 2019 Ult bolmysy

"Eskertpe emes, eskertý!": Shala qazaqtar durys sózderdi qalaı buzyp aıtyp (jazyp) júr?

Eskertý:  Sózdiktegi sózderdi oqyǵanda, tilderi buzylmaǵan balalar, durys sózderdi ǵana oqyp (daýystap nemese ishteı), al buzylǵan sózderdi tek kózben qarap, olaı isteý múmkin bolmaǵan jaǵdaıda, kóp qaıtalamaýǵa tyrysýy kerek. Tilderine buzylǵan sózderdi qalyptastyryp almaýy úshin, bul óte qajet.

 

Durys sózderdi shala qazaqtardyń buzyp aıtýy (jazýy)

1.Tuıyq etistikterdi buzyp aıtýy (jazýy):

 QAZAQShA                                                            ShALA QAZAQShA

Aýysý, aýysýy                                                  aýysym, aýysymy

Ashylý, ashylýy                                                ashylym, ashylymy

Basý, basylýy                                                    basylym,basylymy

    (Baspasózde)                                                   (basylym betterinde)

Jazylý, jazylýy                                              jazylym, jazylymy

Taraý, taralýy                                                   taralym, taralymy

Terý, terilýi                                                        terilim, terilimi

Taratý , taratylýy                                             taratylym, taratylymy

Qoıylý, qoıylýy                                               qoıylym, qoıylymy     

Kórsetý, kórsetilýi                                             kórsetilim, kórsetilimi

Oqý, oqylýy                                                       oqylym, oqylymy

Aınalý, aınalýy                                                aınalym, aınalymy

Shyǵarý, shyǵarylýy                                         shyǵarylym, shyǵarylymy

Shaqyrý, shaqyrylýy                                        shaqyrylym, shaqyrylymy

Kóbeıtý, kóbeıtilýi                                           kóbeıtilim, kóbeıtilimi

Qosý, qosylýy                                                    qosylym, qosylymy

Syzý, syzylýy                                                   syzylym, syzylymy

Bólý, bólinýi                                                       bólinim, bólinimi

Alý, alynýy                                                        alynym, alynymy

Ustaý, ustaýy (ózin ózi)                                      ustanym, ustanymy

Ustaý, ustalýy (bir nárseni)                              ustalym, ustalymy

Túsirý, túsirilýi                                                   túsirilim, túsirilimi

Úıretý, úıretilýi                                                 úıretilim, úıretilimi

Satý, satylýy                                                      satylym, satylymy

(Birinshi ret satylýy)                                         (birinshi kezektegi satylym)     

О́sý, ósýi                                                               ósim, ósimi

Aýdarý, aýdarylýy                                              aýdarym, aýdarymy

Tóleý, tólenýi                                                       tólem, tólemi

(Aqsha tóleý)                                                          (tólem qabyldaý)

Kórý, kórilýi                                                          kórilim, kórilimi (kórlimi)

Tapsyrý, tapsyrylýy                                           tapsyrylym, tapsyrylymy

Kóshirý, kóshirilýi                                                  kóshirilim,kóshirilimi

Paıdalaný, paıdalanylýy                                    paıdalanym, paıdalanymy

Jasaý, jasalýy                                                      jasalym, jasalymy (jasam)

Jóneltý,jóneltilýi                                               jóneltilim, jóneltilimi

Tartý, tartylýy                                                     tartylym, tartylymy

Sebý, sebilýi                                                           sebilim, sebilimi 

Paıymdaý                                                                paıym 

Taný                                                                         tanym

О́rý, órilýi                                                              órilim, órilimi

Saqtaý, saqtalýy                                                    saqtalym, saqtalymy  

 

Eskertý: Shala qazaqtardyń tilderinde, osyndaı tuıyq etistikterdiń keıbireýi, zat esimniń sózderine aınalyp ketken. Mysaly: Aqsha tóleý – tólem qabyldaý. Tólem (ne ?)

 

2-shi buzylǵan túri.

Baıandaý                                                                  baıanat

Eskertý                                                                  eskertpe, ańdatpa

Túıistirý                                                                túıispe

Tekserý                                                                  tekseris

(Tekserýge daıyndalyńyzdar)                            (tekseriske daıyndalamyz)

Tapsyrý                                                                  tapsyrys

(Tapsyrǵan rettik nómiri)                                    (tapsyrys nomyry)

Basý                                                                         basylys

(Sandyq tásilmen basylǵan)                                (sandyq basylys)

Qaıtalaý                                                                 qaıtalama

Saraptaý                                                                 saraptama

(Saraptaýdan ótkizý)                                            (saraptama jasaý)

Synaq alý  (synaý)                                               synama alý

Zertteý                                                                   zertteme 

Sýretteý                                                                sýretteme

Qaptaý                                                                   qaptama

О́rnekteý                                                               órnekteme

Esepteý                                                                  esepteme

(Eseptep shyǵarý)                                                 (esepteme jasaý)

Mólsherleý                                                           mólsherleme

Juptaý                                                                  juptama

Qosarlaý                                                               qosarlama

Habarlandyrý                                                       habarlama

Keskindeý                                                              keskindeme  

Tasymaldaý                                                          tasymal

(Jolaýshylardy tasymaldaý)                           (jolaýshylar tasymaly)

Júk tasý (tasymaldaý)                                      (júk tasymaly)

Eskertý: Jalpy «tasymal» sózi – qazaq tilinde bar sóz. Tek shala qazaqtardyń tilderinde durys qoldanylmaıdy. Mysaly: qazaq tilinde «Ol jerde ishetin aýyz sý joq. Sýy tasymal» dep aıtylady. Biraq «Sý tasymaly» dep aıtylmaıdy. Sýdy tasıdy, tasymaldaıdy, ákeledi, jetkizedi t.b.

Al jolaýshylarǵa qatysty «Jolaýshylary tasymal» nemese «jolaýshylar tasymaly» dep múlde aıtpaıdy. Bul shala qazaqtardyń shala tilderi arqyly engen qate sózder. Durysy: Jolaýshylardy, júkterdi tasymaldaý. (Tasıdy).

  1. Buıryqty jalqy etistikterdi buzyp aıtýy (jazýy)

1-shi buzylǵan túri.

Qal, qalma                                                               qasaı, qamasaı

Bar, barma                                                               barsaı (basaı), barmasaı

Júr, júrme                                                             júrseı (júseı), júrmeseı

Tur, turma                                                               tursaı (tusaı), turmasaı

Kel, kelme                                                               keseı, kemeseı

Otyr, otyrma                                                         otsaı (otysaı), otpasaı

Uıyqta, uıyqtama                                                 uqtasaı, uqtamasaı

Oqy, oqyma                                                             oqsaı (oqysaı), oqmasaı

Kúl, kúlme                                                               kúlseı (kúseı),kúlmeseı

Iste, isteme                                                               jasasaı, jasamasaı

Jónde, jóndeme                                                      jasasaı, jasamasaı

(Máshıneni jónde)                                                  (máshindi jasasaı) 

 

Eskertý: Isteý, jóndeý, tigý deıtin etistik sózder bulardyń tilderinde aıtylmaıdy, umytylǵan. Bul sózderdiń ornyna «jasaý» sózin qoıyp, tigýdi de, jóndeýdi de, isteýdi de «jasaý» dep aıta beredi.

Negizinde: Isteıdi (rabotaet) – jasaıdy (delaet)

          Jóndeıdi (remontırýet) – jasaıdy (delaet)

          Tigedi (shet) – jasaıdy (delaet)

Maǵynalary jaǵynan bir – birine sáıkes kelmeıtin sózder.

(Eseptep shyǵarý - esepteme jasaý, saraptaýdan ótkizý - saraptama jasaý t.b.)

 

                                 2 - shi buzylǵan túri.

Qal, qalma                                                               qaǵyn, qamaǵyn

Al, alma                                                                   aǵyn, amaǵyn

Bar, barma                                                                barǵyn (baǵyn), bamaǵyn

Júr, júrme                                                              júrgin (júgin), júrmegin

Tur, turma                                                                 turǵyn (tuǵyn), tumaǵyn

Kel, kelme                                                                 kegin, kemegin

Otyr, otyrma                                                            otyrǵyn (otqyn), otymaǵyn

Uıyqta, uıyqtama                                                    uqtaǵyn, uqtamaǵyn

Oqy, oqyma                                                               oqyǵyn (oqqyn), oqymaǵyn  

Kúl, kúlme                                                                 kúlgin (kúgin), kúlmegin

Iste, isteme                                                                jasaǵyn, jasamaǵyn

Jónde, jóndeme                                                       jasaǵyn, jasamaǵyn

                      3-shi buzylǵan túri.

Qal, qalma                                                               qaǵaı, qamaǵaı

(Qalarsyń), qalmassyń                                          (qaǵaısyn), qamaǵaısyn

Al, alma                                                                   aǵaı, amaǵaı

(Alarsyń, almassyń)                                             (aǵaısyn, amaǵaısyn) 

Kel, kelme                                                                kegeı, kemegeı

(Kelersiń, kelmessiń)                                              (kegeısin, kemegeısin) 

Otyr, otyrma                                                           otqaı, otpaǵaı

(Otyrarsyń, otyrmassyń)                                     (otqaısyn, otpaǵaısyn)

Ash, ashpa                                                                  ashqaı, ashpaǵaı

(Asharsyń, ashpassyń)                                            (ashqaısyn, ashpaǵaısyn)

Uıyqta, uıyqtama                                                   uqtaǵaı, uqtamaǵaı

(Uıyqtarsyń, uıyqtamassyń)                               (uqtaǵaısyn, uqtamaǵaısyn)

 

 

  1. Suraýlyq etistik sózderdi buzyp aıtýy:

Qaljyńdadyń ba?                                          qýaıyn degesyn ba?

Kelesiń be?                                                      keýin (kelýin)  kereksyn ba, ne?

(Kelmekshisiń be?)                                           (keleıin degesyn ba, ne?)

Alasyń ba?                                                       aýyn (alýyn) kereksyn ba, ne?

(Almaqshymysyń?)                                          (alaıyn degesyn ba, ne?)

Ketesiń be?                                                       (ketýyn kereksyn ba, ne?)

(Ketpekshimisiń?)                                             (keteıin degesyn ba, ne?)

Oqısyń ba?                                                      oqýyn kereksyn ba, ne?    

(Oqıyn dep pe ediń?)                                      (oqıyn degesyn ba, ne?)

Shyǵasyń ba?                                                   (shyǵýyn kereksyn ba, ne?)

(Shyǵaıyn dep pe ediń?)                                 (shyǵaıyn degesyn ba, ne?)

Esiń aýysqan ba?                                             shatyryn keteıyn degensyn ba (ne)?

Eskertý:  Suraýly sóılemderdiń sońyna «ne» degen qosymshany tirkep aıtady.

 

  1. Bolymdy, bolymsyz dara etistikterdi buzyp aıtýy (jazýy):

  1-shi buzylǵan túri.

Aldy, almady                                                    aǵan, amady

(Alǵan, almaǵan)                                                (aǵan, amaǵan)

Boldy, bolmady                                                 boǵan, bomady

(Bolǵan, bolmaǵan)                                            (boǵan, bomaǵan)

Keldi, kelmedi                                                    kegen, kemedi

(Kelgen, kelmegen)                                             (kegen, kemegen)

Saldy, salmady                                                 saǵan, samady

(Salǵan, salmaǵan)                                             (saǵan, samaǵan)

Qaldy, qalmady                                                 qaǵan, qamady  

(Qalǵan, qalmaǵan)                                             (qaǵan, qamaǵan)  

Oınady, oınamady                                             onady, onamady 

(Oınaǵan, oınamaǵan)                                         (onaǵan, onamaǵan) 

Uıyqtady, uıyqtamady                                     uqtaǵan, uqtamady   

(Uıyqtaǵan, uıyqtamaǵan)                                 (uqtaǵan, uqtamaǵan)          

Otyrdy, otyrmady                                              otyǵan, otymady

(Otyrǵan, otyrmaǵan)                                          (otyǵan, otpaǵan)

 

                2-shi buzylǵan túri.

Aldy, almady                                                    aǵan-dy, amaǵan-dy

Boldy, bolmady                                                boǵan-dy, bomaǵan-dy

Keldi, kelmedi                                                   kegen-di, kemegen-dy

Saldy, salmady                                                saǵan-dy, samaǵan-dy

Qaldy, qalmady                                                qaǵan-dy, qamaǵan-dy  

Oınady, oınamady                                           onaǵan-dy, onamaǵan-dy 

Uıyqtady, uıyqtamady                                   uqtaǵan-dy, uqtamaǵan-dy           

Otyrdy, otyrmady                                           otqan-dy, otpaǵan-dy

 

                     3-shi buzylǵan túri.

Aldy, almady                                                    aldy-shy, amady-shy

(Alǵan, almaǵan)                                                (aǵan-shy, amaǵan-shy)

Boldy, bolmady                                                boldy-shy, bolmady-shy

(Bolǵan, bolmaǵan)                                            (boǵan-shy, bomaǵan-shy)

Qaldy, qalmady                                                qaldy, qamady-shy  

(Qalǵan, qalmaǵan)                                            (qaǵan-shy, qamaǵan-shy)  

Oınady, oınamady                                            onaǵan-shy, onamaǵan-shy 

(Oınaǵan, oınamaǵan)                                       (onaǵan-shy, onamaǵan-shy) 

Otyrdy, otyrmady                                           otqan-shy, otpaǵan-shy

(Otyrǵan, otyrmaǵan)                                       (otyǵan-shy, otymaǵan-shy)

 

(jalǵasy bar)

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